The Department of Physiology is a branch of medical science that focuses on understanding the normal functioning of the human body at the cellular, organ, and system levels. Physiology explores the mechanisms by which various biological processes occur and how they contribute to the overall health and homeostasis of an individual.
The primary goal of the Department of Physiology is to elucidate the fundamental principles underlying the functioning of different body systems. This includes studying processes such as respiration, circulation, digestion, metabolism, neural control, muscle contraction, and hormonal regulation. Physiologists investigate how these processes integrate and coordinate to maintain the body's internal environment and enable it to respond to external stimuli.
The department conducts research to expand knowledge in the field of physiology, using experimental and clinical approaches. Physiologists utilize various techniques, including in vivo and in vitro experiments, imaging technologies, and physiological recordings, to investigate the intricate mechanisms involved in physiological processes.
In addition to research, the Department of Physiology plays a vital role in medical education. Physiologists contribute to the curriculum of medical and healthcare-related programs, teaching students the principles of physiology and how it applies to clinical practice. They use teaching methods such as lectures, laboratory sessions, and interactive discussions to help students understand the physiological basis of health and disease.
Physiologists also contribute to the understanding and management of diseases. They study abnormal physiological states and the mechanisms underlying various pathological conditions. This knowledge aids in the development of diagnostic tools and treatment strategies.
Lumbini Medical College