The Department of Pathology is a branch of medical science that deals with the study of diseases, their causes, processes, and effects on the body. Pathologists play a crucial role in the diagnosis, prognosis, and management of diseases by examining tissues, cells, and bodily fluids. They work in both clinical and research settings, collaborating with other healthcare professionals to ensure accurate and timely diagnoses.
Here are some key aspects and functions of the Department of Pathology:
Anatomic Pathology: This branch of pathology involves the examination of tissues and organs under a microscope. Pathologists analyze biopsy samples, surgical specimens, and autopsies to identify abnormalities, determine the nature of diseases, and provide information for treatment planning.
Clinical Pathology: Clinical pathology focuses on the analysis of bodily fluids, such as blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid. Pathologists use various laboratory tests and techniques to detect and measure substances, such as blood cell counts, glucose levels, hormone levels, and genetic markers. These tests aid in the diagnosis and monitoring of diseases.
Cytopathology: Cytopathology involves the examination of individual cells to identify abnormalities and diagnose diseases, especially cancers. Pathologists analyze samples obtained through fine-needle aspirations, Pap smears, and other methods to detect and classify abnormal cells.
Lumbini Medical College